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Browse the Botanical Definitions

In addition to searching through the individual botanical definitions you may now benefit also from browsing the extensive information gleaned through our research. This list has been compiled in alphabetic order according to the genus or species..

To browse the definitions please click on one of the buttons below to see the section under that letter. In some cases there may be no words under a particular letter.

 

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Definitions
Weigela [genus name] commemorates a German chemist and botanist, Christian Ehrenfried von Weigel (1748-1831) who was ennobled in 1806 ie. became von Weigel. From 1772 he was lecturer and supervisor of the botanical garden at Greifswald in northern Germany; then in 1775 he became professor of chemistry, pharmacy, botany and mineralogy there, as well as director of the botanical garden, posts that he held until his death. In the 1770s he is believed to have invented the forerunner of the Liebig condenser (which condenses vapour into liquid). His published works included Flora pomerano-rugica (1769), Observations botanicae (1772), Index seminum et plantarum horti gryphici systematicus (1773), Dissertatio academica, sistens hortum gryphicum (1782) and Fructus Javae esculenti (1786). [See Weigela.]

wilkesiana commemorates the name of an American explorer and naval officer, Charles Wilkes (1798-1877) who had an illustrious career (despite his ignominious departure when he retired from the US Navy in 1866 after being court-martialled for disobedience). He headed the United States Exploring Expedition, also known as the Wilkes Expedition, to the South Pacific Islands and the Antarctic Continent (1838-1842) and some authorities claim it provided a significant contribution to the basis of American science. It yielded geological, botanical, zoological and anthropological specimens and artefacts (eventually to form the basis of the Smithsonian Institution collection), as well as international recognition for three of the scientific members. Subsequently Wilkes published many articles and reports of the Expedition's progress and collected findings, not least in 1844 Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition. It is Charles Wilkes after whom an area of the Antarctic Continent, Wilkes Land, is named. [See Acalypha wilkesiana.]

wittrockiana commemorates a Swedish botanist, Professor Veit Brecher Wittrock (1839-1914), who was professor of botany at Stockholm and Director of the Bergius Botanical Garden. In 1896 he recorded a history of the pansy (Viola x wittrockiana), Viola-studier II, (1896). Others of his many published works include Om Linnaea borealis (1878-1879), Skandinaviens Gymnospermer (1887), and Viola-studier I, (1897).[See Viola x wittrockiana.]

 
 

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