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Browse the Botanical Definitions

In addition to searching through the individual botanical definitions you may now benefit also from browsing the extensive information gleaned through our research. This list has been compiled in alphabetic order according to the genus or species..

To browse the definitions please click on one of the buttons below to see the section under that letter. In some cases there may be no words under a particular letter.

 

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Definitions
haematocarpa is made up of Greek haemato- (bloody) and carpo- (fruit) components meaning 'with blood-red fruit'. [See Berberis haematocarpa.]

Haematoxylum [genus name] is derived from Greek haima (blood) and -xylon (wood) components.

Members of this family (Leguminosae) absorb nitrogen from the air. Through the bacterial nodules on their deep growing roots, they will introduce nitrogen to the soil (and aerate it), to the benefit of neighbouring plants and any following them in the same soil. [See Haematoxylum.]

halepensis means 'of or from Aleppo, Syria'. [See Pinus halepensis.]

Halesia [genus name] commemorates an English clergyman, physiologist, chemist and inventor, the Reverend Stephen Hales (1677-1761) who authorities view as a pioneer in expermental physiology. His many experiments are described as of particular significance with reference to the growth of plants and the blood flow in animals and other experiments included investigation of food preservation. Among his inventions were a fresh air ventilator (which led to higher survival rates in hospitals, prisons and ships), surgical forceps for extracting kidney and bladder stones, and a gauge for taking soundings at sea. He was ordained in 1709, named the same year as a member of the committee which oversaw the establishment of a colony in Georgia in North America (this colony initially avoided the slave trade to which Dr. Hales happened to be opposed), elected a Fellow of The Royal Society in 1717, received The Society's Copley Medal in 1739, appointed in 1751 Clerk of the Closet to Princess Augusta, The Dowager Princess of Wales (1736-1751), and in 1753 became a foreign-associate of the French Academy of Sciences. His published works included Statical Essays, Friendly Admonitions to Dram-Drinkers and A Treatise on Ventilators. [See Halesia.]

halimifolia is derived from the genus name Halimium and Latin -folia (leaved) components meaning 'with leaves resembling those of tree purslane Atriplex halimus (lance-shaped, soft and silvery) a species once part of the Halimium genus'. (As yet Atriplex halimus has not been included in Plant Biographies.) [See Baccharis halimifolia.]

Hamamelis [genus name] is for some authorities derived from Greek hama- (together with) and mela (fruit) components with reference to the fact that the flowers and fruit are borne on the shrubs at the same time on one of the species, witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana). For others it is a Greek name that was used for a plant (possibly the medlar, Mespilus germanica) with a pear-shaped fruit. [See Hamamelis.]

Harpagophytum [genus name] is derived from Greek harpago- (grappling hook) and phyto- (plant) components with reference to the encapsulating barbed woody tendrils around the fruit. [See Harpagophytum.]

hastata is derived from Latin hasta (spear) meaning 'spear-shaped'. [See Atriplex hastata, Verbena hastata.]

hastatum is derived from Latin hasta (spear) meaning 'spear-shaped'. [See Philodendron hastatum.]

hebecarpa is derived from Greek hebe (youth, down of puberty) and carpo- (fruit) components with reference to the soft downy fruit. [See Dovyalis hebecarpa.]


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